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The armchair pilgrim could, in some measure, vicariously experience the emotions of St. Helena and Lady Judith by perusing maps of the Holy Land and charts of the Temple, twelve of which we briefly note. With the Rosenwald Collection came the first travel book ever printed.
Goodrum notes that in that volume are "the first travel pictures ever produced of a real scene drawn realistically, and were also the first known foldout inserted in any publication. Bernhard von Breydenbach, a member of the German nobility and Dean of the Cathedral at Mainz, resolved in his later years "to undertake a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in hope of obtaining the salvation of [his] soul. When they returned to Mainz nine months later, the Dean and the artist collaborated on a book describing and depicting their pilgrimage.
Breydenbach wrote the text while Revwich provided the illustrations, the first ever made to accompany a text. The book became an instant success. The original Latin text was translated into German four months after its publication , and later into French , Dutch , and Spanish No less than eight editions made it the most popular travel book in Europe up to the discovery of the New World.
The plate reproduced here is a schematic "tourist map.
Religious significance of Jerusalem
Below it is the land separating it from the Mediterranean. Pilgrims are debarking from a galley and making their way towards the city. The modern tourist will immediately recognize the Dome of the Rock. It presents a charming and, all things considered, faithful depiction of holy sites as Breydenbach's entourage found them. Tooley states in his Maps and MapMakers , "has paid tribute to the work of Ptolemy. He stands like a colossus astride the ancient world, and his influence is still felt today. Claudius Ptolemaeus Alexandria , astronomer and geographer, achieved pre-eminence in both these branches of human knowledge His Geographia dominated the whole of the Christian and Moslem world for 1, years.
None of Ptolemy's maps has survived the classical period. They were, however, reconstructed in manuscript and engraved on copper or carved in wood for editions of the Ptolemy atlas. In , the first woodcut edition, containing the first map of the world to include contemporary discoveries, was published in Ulm, Germany. It contains a brightly handcolored map of the Holy Land, which can be seen in a beautifully preserved copy in the vault of the Library's Geography and Map Division.
He, in turn, "copied directly" from "the first modern map of Palestine," that of Marino Sanuto and Petrus Vesconte, who produced it in Venice, c. The Holy Land is oriented with east at the top Mountains and rivers are carefully located Cities are placed close to their correct positions. From the mountains of Lebanon, the Jor and the Dan descend to form the Jordan. Old Testament iconography is emphasized and includes the location of the Ten Tribes, a depiction of the Tomb of Job, and inscriptions marking where Lot's wife was turned into a pillar of salt.
The above features, as we shall see, presage those contained in the maps which followed. Sources: Abraham J. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof [shall be] with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make [it] desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.
In fact, when Stephen was preaching to the Pharisees as they were stoning him, the Lord Jesus was standing up from His seat in the third heaven ready to come back, save the Jews, and establish the Kingdom:. To show by the Scriptures the difference between the terms " Kingdom of Heaven " and " Kingdom of God ," the Holy Spirit has put this little nugget of truth within the Gospel of Matthew:. Ask yourself this question: If the " Kingdom of God " is within you, and if the " Kingdom of God " and " Kingdom of Heaven " are one and the same, how could anyone take it out of you by violence?
And if that righteousness, i. The answer is the Kingdom of Israel, which is God's people and Jerusalem, the Lord's chosen place from which to rule:. Israel rejected their King when He came the first time.
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If thou therefore wilt worship me, all shall be thine. Although Satan has now lost the war, the final battle for physical possession is yet to come. This is the present status of the Kingdom of Heaven. In the two millenniums since His own people rejected His salvation, God has been chastising Israel, while blessings and salvation have gone out to the Gentiles. However, God is not finished with Israel, but He is just about finished with the Gentiles. The Gentiles' time is running out. The Apostle Paul said this:. We are living in the last days of the blessing to the Gentiles. The Jews are back in the land of Israel although the Arab world does not recognize it as "Israel" but insists on calling it "Palestine".
Regardless of the name, it is still the land that God promised to Abraham and his seed through Isaac and Jacob, not through the line of Ishmael. That is the ancient root of contention still festering today over the issue of the land. The Jews have returned to the land as prophesied in the Scriptures, but they are still mostly in unbelief about Jesus. Although they are the enemies of the Gospel of Grace by the Lord Jesus Christ, they are still God's people and He will use the present evil world to chastise them, open their eyes to the truth they rejected, and bring them again to Him.
Gospel Doctrine Lesson 26:
For the gifts and calling of God are without repentance. For as ye in times past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief:" Romans KJV. That is the truth of the matter - a truth that is bitterly denied by the whole world. Jerusalem and the Middle East is the crucible and iron furnace that will soon wax hotter as the prophecies unfold before us. There are two things to watch for which must come to pass before the Lord's return.
First and this is directly related to relationship of Jerusalem between Israel, the Arab world and the Palestinians there will be some kind of contract among all parties on the matter of Jerusalem in an effort to establish peace. This is spoken of by the prophet Daniel:. At the time appointed he shall return, and come toward the south; but it shall not be as the former, or as the latter.
For the ships of Chittim shall come against him: therefore he shall be grieved, and return, and have indignation against the holy covenant : so shall he do; he shall even return, and have intelligence with them that forsake the holy covenant. And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate. Second, there is going to be a new Temple built in Jerusalem in the future.
Notice that the context above is about the exploits of the coming Antichrist, whom unbelieving Israel and the unbelieving world will welcome as the Messiah. Take note about the "daily sacrifice" and the sanctuary, and the abomination that "maketh desolate. This is a cross reference to what the Apostle Paul spoke about in 2 Thessalonians:. Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition; Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God , shewing himself that he is God.
These things are future and yet to be fulfilled, but they will come to pass.
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The Holy Bible says so. Believe it! The entire theme of the Holy Bible is about the battle over a Kingdom and the rightful ruler of that Kingdom.
Kingdom of Heaven vs. Kingdom of God - The Doctrinal Difference
This controversy goes back long before Abraham and long before Adam's day. It began sometime after the Lord first created the heavens and the Earth. Lucifer Satan was the first ruler under God in the Kingdom of Heaven in the ancient past. Thou [wast] perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee.