How do we know? A few ways. First, St. Peter says in 1 Peter She who is at Babylon, who is likewise chosen, sends you greetings; and so does my son Mark. Peter and Mark are sending their greetings from Rome. Irenaeus, writing c. Matthew also issued a written Gospel among the Hebrews in their own dialect, while Peter and Paul were preaching at Rome, and laying the foundations of the Church.
After their departure , Mark, the disciple and interpreter of Peter, did also hand down to us in writing what had been preached by Peter. Eusebius says the same thing , as does St. Jerome :. Mark, the disciple and interpreter of Peter wrote a short gospel at the request of the brethren at Rome embodying what he had heard Peter tell.
When Peter had heard this, he approved it and published it to the churches to be read by his authority as Clemens in the sixth book of his Hypotyposes and Papias, bishop of Hierapolis, record. That first point is pretty well know, but this next one is not at least, as far as I know : Rufus, the son of Simon of Cyrene, was a Christian living in Rome. We know this from a seemingly throwaway line in St. Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord, and his mother, who has been a mother to me, too.
Rather, it was forced upon him by Roman soldiers: he was compelled, in St. Josemaria Escriva paints the scene :. Jesus is exhausted. His footsteps become more and more unsteady, and the soldiers are in a hurry to be finished. So, when they are going out of the city through the Judgement Gate, they take hold of a man who was coming in from a farm, a man called Simon of Cyrene, the father of Alexander and Rufus, and they force him to carry the Cross of Jesus cf. Mark In the whole context of the Passion, this help does not add up to very much.
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But for Jesus, a smile, a word, a gesture, a little bit of love is enough for him to pour out his grace bountifully on the soul of his friend. And it all started with this unexpected meeting with the Cross. I went to those who were not looking for me; I was found by those that sought me not Isaiah At times the Cross appears without our looking for it: it is Christ who is seeking us out.
Heart on the Cross! What encouraging words! There are times in this life that we choose our crosses: when we voluntarily undertake some penance for a loved one, or perform a difficult task for a noble end.
Catholics tend to recognize the beauty in this voluntary cross. In John's Gospel story, the author's four references to this mystery " Simon " are presented in a literary manner that assumes the reader should know which " Simon " he is talking about. Had the author had someone else in mind, he certainly would have been more specific, unless that was not even an issue to him. And the author makes the point four times, as if to emphasize the importance of the matter.
Therefore, the Holy Bible's evidence concerning this question points to a clear and simple answer: Judas Iscariot WAS the biological son of the man Simon, who is also called Peter. This revelation raises two very valid questions: 1 Why is this clearly stated ONLY in the Gospel of John and, 2 What practical purpose does it serve to even know and teach this answer?
Let's answer those questions in the order presented. First, notice from the dates of when these individual Gospel books were believed to be penned that the Gospel account of John was written much later than the Gospel accounts of Matthew, Mark and Luke. Although Peter and John had known each other since their days as fishermen on the Galilee, their friendship extended throughout their time with Jesus, through the post-resurrection period of the early Church, and long after the documented Acts of the Apostles see: Mt ; Mt ; Mr ; Mr ; Mr ; Mr ; Lu ; Lu ; Lu ; Lu ; Joh ; Ac ; Ac ,,11; Ac ,19; Ac Paul's writing in the book of Galatians, about the point in Church history where the disciple's ministry diverged into two separate and distinct mission directions, reveals that Peter and John even continued working together afterwards:.
Paul, of course, finally ended up in Rome. Peter, on the other hand, finally ended up in Babylon in Mesopotamia 1 Peter , according to the Holy Bible. John and Peter traveled together for many years before they finally parted ways.
Divine Appointment in Human Disappointment – Simon of Cyrene - SLJ Institute
It was only after those days that the Gospel of John was written. It would be a safe bet to assume that John knew Simon Peter better than anyone else in the Bible, other than the Lord Himself.
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John was acquainted with Peter going all the way back to what country folks would call the young man's hell raisin' days , so he probably knew a thing or two about the old boy and his ways. But, if I was a betting man, I'm inclined to think that John did not learn the truth about this particular matter until much later in their relationship.
More than likely, Peter only shared this truth with his lifelong friend John when the two were alone, possibly sitting around a fire on a dark night along a lonely shoreline or forest near the Aegean Sea. I'm talking about one of those times when a man has something gnawing at his conscience that is hurting him so bad that he just has to talk with a trusted friend and get it off his chest. Regardless of where and when, John knew about it and the Holy Ghost made sure the matter was included in the Gospel according to John.
As for the second question, knowing about this doctrinal truth from the Gospel according to John benefits your personal studies of the Holy Bible. It provides a backstory insight into the life of Simon Peter that can help the reader correctly discern an answer to these three important questions in the Gospel accounts:.
Two - What was the real reason that the faithful Peter denied Jesus on the night He was arrested? And he said, I tell thee, Peter, the cock shall not crow this day, before that thou shalt thrice deny that thou knowest me. And the chief priests and scribes sought how they might kill him; for they feared the people. Then entered Satan into Judas surnamed Iscariot, being of the number of the twelve. And he went his way, and communed with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray him unto them. And they were glad, and covenanted to give him money.
A Biblical “Easter Egg” in the Passion of Jesus Christ
In regards to the last question, I'll give you a couple of clues to point you in the right direction. It was not for money. It was for a more personal reason, which the Spirit of Truth will reveal to you if you seek out the answer with an honest heart and objective reasoning. The 'clues' are found in these two Bible verses:. The backstory involves these key elements, a son born to Simon Peter before he was married or possibly outside of the marriage , Peter's love for that 'secret' son, and the grown son's need for a father's love and attention.
May the Lord Jesus Christ grant you understanding of this illuminating truth. Doctrine Seminary Topic Page.
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